In mineralogy, diamond is the allotrope of carbon where the carbon atoms are arranged in an isometric-hexoctahedral crystal lattice. Its hardness and large dispersion of mild make it helpful for industrial applications and jewellery. It is the hardest regarded normal content and the fifth-most difficult  regarded material right after aggregated diamond nanorods, ultrahard fullerite, and rhenium diboride.
Diamonds are specifically renowned as a product with superlative physical attributes they make fantastic abrasives for the reason that they can be scratched only by other diamonds, borazon, ultrahard fullerite, rhenium diboride, or aggregated diamond nanorods, which also indicates they hold a polish incredibly perfectly and keep their lustre. Around 130 million carats (26,000 kg) are mined per year, with a whole value of about USD $ 9 billion, and about 100,000 kg (220,000 lb) are synthesized every year.
The name diamond derives from the ancient Greek adamas (± '¬ ± ± Â “invincible”). They have been treasured as gemstones considering the fact that their use as religious icons in ancient India and use in engraving instruments also dates to early human heritage.
Attractiveness of diamonds has risen because the 19th century because of enhanced supply, improved cutting and polishing procedures, development in the planet financial state, and revolutionary and profitable promotion strategies.
Diamond home windows
They are manufactured from thin diamond membranes and utilized to cover openings in lasers, x-ray devices and vacuum chambers. They are clear, incredibly long lasting and resistant to warmth and abrasion.
Diamond speaker domes
enrich the performance of high high quality speakers. Diamond is a incredibly rigid content and when built into a slim dome it can vibrate speedily without the distortion that would degrade audio good quality.