The 5 C’s of Diamonds
When measuring the qualities of a diamond, there are 4 major things that diamond evaluators look at. They consider a diamond’s cut, clarity, colour. carat weight. These 4 C’s determine the 5th C of diamonds …. Cost.
These are the 5 C’s of diamonds.
In general, the 4 C’s are evaluated like this: Cut is evaluated based on the number of facets on the diamond and the angle to each other at which they're cut. There is a strict mathematical proportion involved in the cutting process that, when adhered to perfectly, creates a near-total reflection of light from the inside of the diamond into the eye. Clarity is simpler to evaluate. The clearer a diamond is, the more it's worth. Colour is similar. The closer a diamond is to colourless, the more valuable it's. Carat weight is simply how much the diamond weighs. Since diamond is a uniformly dense substance, the more a diamond weighs, the bigger it's and the more it's worth.
it's common among diamond shoppers to consider only 2 C’s: carat weight and cost. There is a perception that the bigger a diamond is, the more valuable it's. This is true to an extent. It’s not the whole story of diamonds. A small diamond that's cut well and is nearly colourless can cost significantly more than a large diamond that's visible flaws and is discoloured. Similarly, an exceptionally clear diamond will cost more than a large diamond.
When shopping for a diamond, you should try to strike a balance between the 4 C’s while keeping your budgeted 5th C in mind. It’s also important to keep in mind the preferences of the person you're buying for. If your future wife likes things big, you might want to sacrifice a little bit in cut or colour to find a ring that's a high carat weight. Alternately, if she’s not concerned with competing with her friends in the race for the biggest ring, she might prefer a smaller diamond that's clear. Cut to reflect as much light as possible.
As far as that all-important 5th of the 5 C’s of diamonds, you should've that decided upon before you get to the store. Consider what your possible budget is for a ring. Then see what you can find within that range.